Forum on ubiquitous computing
As a side-event to the World Summit on the Information Society the
Institute for Information Industry and AFACT organised a Forum on the
Advancement of e-Trade & Ubiquitous Society in the Africa Hotel in Tunis.
Following the welcome address by Dr. FC Lin, Chairman of the Institute for
Information Industry, and the opening remarks of Kenneth Lim, Ex-Chair
AFACT, the morning session was dedicated to the advancement of a
ubiquitous society and ICT for All. The afternoon session focussed on
Njideka Ugwuegbu-Harry, Founder of the Youth for Technology Foundation
presented the vision and activities of the Youth for Technology Foundation
towards bridging the Digital Divide. Through cooperations with major
international ICT companies the Foundation managed to benefit over 4.000
youth since its establishment in 2000 and pioneered a digital village
movement in and for Nigeria. Mrs. Njideka Ugwuegbu-Harry stressed the
importance of a people-centered, inclusive development and focus on young
people when introducing ICT in remote rural areas.
Mrs. Cynthia Waddel, Executive Director of the International Center for
Disability Resources on the Internet, focused her presentation on the
accessibility of ICT for people with disabilities. Disability law and
public policy historically reflected what she termed ‘medical model’,
indicating a focus on diagnosis and disability rather than ability and
human rights for equal opportunity. ICT design therefore did not include
user interfaces for people with disabilities. Now, Mrs. Waddel explained,
signs of an inclusive society shift become visible. A growing recognition
of significant social cost if the divide remains, the emergence of
technical standards for accessible design and economies of scale
contribute to this goal.
Mrs. Saloua Mahmoud of the Higher Institute of Documentation of the
University of Manouba, Tunesia, spoke on the topic ICT & Social
Transformations. She presented an overview of the evolution of
communication and the Internet and explained the principles of information
technology and the way they changed our lives starting from new research
possibilities to telemedicine, electronic voting and e-payment.
In my presentation I focussed on future developments of ubiquitous
computing and the potential dangers stemming from the transformation of
computers from relatively large machines that serve in the center of our
work, demanding our attention to small very specialised gadgets serving
unobtrusive in our surroundings. If not carefully designed the concept of
ubiquitous computing will not only endanger our privacy but also intensify
the digital divide. It will introduce new questions regarding (intellectual) property rights related to the ubiquitous generated information and the computing equipment in our surrounding, information security and unsolicited information.
In conclusion, the morning session demonstrated foremost that the term
ubiquitous computing includes a wide field of important issues, depending on the geographical, societal and technological area one chooses to examine.
(Contribution by Andreas Krisch, EDRI-member VIBE!AT)