EU Copyright Directive – privatised censorship and filtering of free speech

By EDRi · November 10, 2016

The European Commission’s proposal on copyright attempts something very ambitious – two different measures that would restrict free speech, squeezed into a single article of a legislative proposal.


The proposed Directive:

1) requires internet companies to install filtering technology to prevent the upload of content that has been “identified by rightsholders”

Internet service providers that “store” “large amounts” of “works” or “other subject matter” would be required to filter uploads to their service. Interestingly, the text does not say “illegal uploads” or “unauthorised uploads”, but simply uploads that have been identified. What does this mean? It means that any video that an individual creates that includes a clip or a picture identified by a rightsholder would have to be blocked. It means any meme that contains an image identified by a rightsholder would have to be blocked. It means that any parody that uses a work identified by a rightsholder would have to be blocked.

2) seeks to make internet providers responsible for their users’ uploads

The European Commission claims that the proposal is complementary to the E-Commerce Directive (which gives limited protection from liability to internet providers). However, the explanatory “recitals” describe the activities of internet hosting companies in a way that would mean that pretty much no company would be protected. In order to defend themselves from liability, they would have to aggressively monitor and delete any information from any user that generated any legal risk.

3) gives internet users no meaningful protection from unfair deletion of their creations

The European Commission proposal to deal with the inevitable, unfair restrictions of their freedom of speech is that individuals should be able to appeal to private redress mechanisms created by the companies that imposed the unfair restrictions. As weak as this safeguard would be, the situation is slightly worse. Restrictions imposed by companies are almost always done on the basis of their terms of service, rather than the law. As a result, very few of the inevitable, unfair deletions will be done on the basis of law, so even this very limited “safeguard” will not exist in reality.

What can I do?

  • Spread the word on Reddit, Twitter, Facebook, shout it from the rooftops!
  • Contact your national ministry responsible for copyright to tell them this is unacceptable.
  • Contact members of the European Parliament (MEPs) – you can use Openmedia’s campaign page at

Our detailed analysis of Article 13 and the associated explanatory “recitals” can be downloaded from:

Press Release: New copyright directive fails at every level (14.09.2016)

Copyfails: Time to #fixcopyright! (23.05.2016)

The Copyright Reform – a guide for the perplexed (02.11.2016)