Net Neutrality is the principle that every point on the network can connect to any other point on the network, without discrimination on the basis of origin, destination or type of data. This principle is the central reason for the success of the Internet. Net Neutrality is crucial for innovation, competition and for the free flow of information. Most importantly, Net Neutrality gives the Internet its ability to generate new means of exercising civil rights such as the freedom of expression and the right to receive and impart information. In this booklet, we will explain Net Neutrality, why it is important, why certain Internet access providers believe that they have an interest in violating it, and we will address common misconceptions. The booklet is also avalaible in Russian thanks to Legal Transformation Center (Lawtrend).