11 Jan 2017

ENDitorial: Happiness – owning nothing and having no privacy?

By Joe McNamee

In November 2016, Danish social-liberal parliamentarian Ida Auken wrote a chilling, dystopian article that was published on the website of the World Economic Forum. It looked forward to a hypothetical society in the year 2030, where nobody owned anything, not even their own personal space, not their own secrets, not their own life. In an addendum to the piece, Ms Auken explained that some had portrayed this as a “utopia or dream of the future” which was not, she explained, her stance.

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An unseen hand would own everything and everything would be communal. The unseen hand would be benevolent. Those that had absolute power and absolute control in a society where individuals had no privacy and no assets (and, consequently, no ability to challenge power, to control or to hold power accountable) would somehow have willingly given away their power and replaced it with a benevolent dictatorship.

Nobody would have the responsibility to do the hard work of industrial production, but it would somehow still be done. Artificial intelligence, owned, developed and maintained either by no-one or by the all-seeing benevolent dictator, would be able to do your shopping. It would know your preferences better than you, so why would you do it yourself?

In this utopia/dystopia, Ms Auken imagines individuals being disturbed by the lack of privacy and hopes that nobody will use it against them. Of course, as mentioned, she envisages that artificial intelligence would know individuals better than they know themselves. As a result, artificial intelligence will be aware of their concerns and one imagines that those individuals’ filter bubbles would be adapted accordingly, in order to assuage their fears.

The luddites, the ones who would want a society based on the freedom to evolve, to challenge and to question without the “sharing economy” disenfranchising, disappropriating and commodifying them, would live outside the city. City dwellers would worry for the welfare of these self-sufficient societies, living with privacy in an adaptable and changeable society.

Ms Auken explains she wrote the post as a means of starting a debate because (hopefully in a less extreme variety), the issues she raises are already on the horizon. Her rather provocative piece is, therefore, an important spur for some much-needed debate.

Her post raises questions such as…

  • If knowledge is power and the vast unbalance between the knowledge of the surveillance economy and the knowledge of citizens continues to grow, can that power be held accountable?
  • Can a society evolve in such circumstances?
  • Can democracy exist when monopolies of that surveillance economy are (now, already) being asked to monitor and filter our communications, building on their existing, profitable, filter bubbles?

Welcome to 2030. I own nothing, have no privacy, and life has never been better (11.11.2016)

(Contribution by Joe McNamee, EDRi)



11 Jan 2017

Snowden: Surveillance is about control

By Guest author

In December 2016, the 33rd edition of the world’s longest-running annual hacker conference Chaos Communication Congress, organised by EDRi member Chaos Computer Club (CCC), took place. It featured many insightful lectures and workshops on issues related to security, cryptography, privacy and freedom of speech. When it comes to surveillance issues, a live appearance from Edward Snowden stole the show.

The surprise appearance happened during a talk on the political reactions to mass surveillance in Germany. Speakers Anna and Andre Meister pointed out that, although Germany is the only country organising a parliamentary inquiry committee investigating the Snowden revelations, they are missing the input of the number one witness, Edward Snowden himself. That is when Snowden appeared on the screen and addressed the audience in a live video stream.

Snowden’s intervention was especially informative in the sense of current surveillance and security debates, including the EU Directive on Combating Terrorism. EDRi has criticised the Directive extensively and pushed for a human rights agenda together with other organisations in order to prevent abuses of freedom of expression and privacy.

As Snowden pointed out, we’ve repeatedly seen evidence that mass surveillance is actually not effective in stopping terrorism. And yet despite that, we see more and more political support, not only to continue these programmes, but to expand them, and to fund them to even greater levels. As we see in many of EU countries, there is a trend of giving more power to the intelligence agencies, without the reflection of how their activities affect citizens’ rights.

“It [surveillance] was never about terrorism, because it’s not effective in stopping terrorism. It’s not about security at all, it’s not about safety. It’s about power. Surveillance is about control. It’s about being able to see moments of vulnerability, in any life, whether that person is a criminal or they are an ordinary person,” said Snowden.

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As speaker Andre Meister, EDRi observer, put it, democracy is supposed to be the informed consent of the governed. However, if we are not informed, we cannot really consent to what is happening. Snowden revelations and the inquiry committee in Germany have shown that “spy agencies” function in a way that contradicts the principle of democracy, since they are operating in secret and there’s often no control over whether they are breaking laws.

Snowden pointed out the new harsh surveillance legislation in China and Russia passed with the argument of “just keeping up with the Western world”. He expressed his concern about our society no longer being worried about human rights – we are only barely concerned with the rights of our co-citizens. However, Snowden reminded the audience, human rights are universal, and regulated by several international rights agreements and treaties.

The fact is that no country is immune to the trend of increasing mass surveillance. Rights are being violated indiscriminately by intelligence agencies, not only in China and Russia, but in the US, Germany, in the UK, in Canada. And as Snowden put it, secret government is necessarily a bad government. In order not to have bad governments, we have to take action. It might seem that Snowden is preaching to the choir, but his appeal to stand for our privacy and the privacy of others still generates much-needed inspiration.

EDRi: Chaos Communication Congress 2016 (06.01.2017)

3 Years After Snowden: Is Germany fighting State Surveillance?

EDRi: European Union Directive on counterterrorism is seriously flawed (30.11.2016)

EDRi: Terrorism Directive: Document pool

(Contribution by Zarja Protner, EDRi intern)



11 Jan 2017

The Republic of Moldova: “Big Brother” Law

By Guest author

In the European Union (EU) the limitation of mass surveillance measures is currently discussed in the context of the European Court of Justice (CJEU) and four EU member states’ constitutional court decisions relating to the laws on retaining traffic data. At the same time, in the Republic of Moldova, a new law on broadening the obligations to retain traffic data, increase digital surveillance and impose internet blocking is being proposed – without a comprehensive analysis of the necessity and proportionality of this excessive interference with the fundamental rights, and claiming these obligations are needed to comply with the international conventions.

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The draft Law no. 161 on Amendments and Supplements to Certain Legislative Acts, also known as the “Big Brother” Law, raises several issues relating to the way these provisions could be applied. It could affect fundamental rights, and, in particular, the right to privacy, without being justified as necessary in a democratic society, in line with the European Convention on Human Rights.

Some of the proposed amendments raise legitimate questions about the need for each particular measure. For instance, the implementation of the proposal to block access to “all IP addresses that host web pages (…) containing information that urge to hatred or ethnic, racial or religious discrimination, to hostility or violence” would lead directly to blocking Facebook, YouTube or Twitter in the country, although this most probably was not what the legislator wanted.

Bogdan Manolea, the Executive Director of the Romanian EDRi member, Association for Technology and Internet (ApTI) in collaboration with the Legal Resources Centre from Moldova (LRCM) prepared recommendations concerning the “Big Brother” Law. The recommendations include:

  • rejection of the proposed articles that would lead to mass surveillance measures (such as those related to data retention);
  • detailed examination of legislation that extends the limitation of fundamental rights, including a study of the impact on human rights based on the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and independent expert analysis;
  • waiving the obligations to “stop“ access to web pages. Blocking of web pages by Internet Service Providers (ISPs) represents an interference with the normal internet traffic between users and websites, which amounts to a violation of freedom of expression and the right to privacy by means of creating a layer of censorship. It is important to understand the difference between:
    • stopping access/blocking – when the content remains on the internet, visible to most users, but hidden for the users from the Republic of Moldova who are subject to blocking; and
    • deletion of content from the internet – when the illegal content cannot be accessed anymore.

You can read the full Opinion on the Draft Law no. 161 on Amendments and Supplements to Certain Legislative Acts (“Big Brother” Law) here http://crjm.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/2016-11-Op-Big-Brother-CRJM-Manolea_Eng-fin.pdf (in English) or here http://crjm.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/2016-11-Op-Big-Brother-CRJM-Manolea_Ro-fin.pdf (in Romanian).

“Big Brother” Law proposed for public debate (10.10.2016)

Civil Society Organisations Calls for an international expertise of the Draft Law which Extends and Intensifies the Law Enforcement Bodies’ Control over the Digital Space (08.04.2016)

(Contribution by Bogdan Manolea, EDRi member ApTI, Romania)



11 Jan 2017

2017 – another extremely challenging year for digital rights


The agenda of the year 2016 for the protection of digital rights was filled with challenges, and it looks like 2017 is not going to be any easier.

Since the Digital Single Market is one of the priorities of the Maltese presidency of the Council of the European Union, we can expect more policy developments affecting citizens’ rights and freedoms online in 2017. In its work programme, Malta pledges to pursue talks on geoblocking, roaming fees, connectivity, high frequencies and cross-border portability.

While taking advantage of the single market to benefit the economies by scrapping trade barriers and providing European citizens access to services, it is crucial to keep the focus on improving data protection, freedom of expression and defending citizens’ right to privacy.

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What were the crucial policy developments in 2016? What we expect to happen in 2017, and what are our key priorities for the year ahead?

Data protection and privacy

In 2016, the European Parliament adopted the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the Law Enforcement Data Protection Directive (LEDP), which are set to enter into force in 2018. EDRi welcomed the overall positive outcome of the GDPR, but regrets that the initial high expectations were not realised. The Commission adopted the Privacy Shield adequacy decision that has already been challenged in front of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and rejected by the European Parliament. The EU/US Umbrella Agreement, which was judged to be incompatible with EU law by the European Parliament’s legal service, was also approved.

As for 2017, e-Privacy will be one of EDRi’s main priorities. On 10 January, the European Commission published its proposal for the e-Privacy Regulation. This legislation is crucial to provide clear rules on tracking individuals as they surf the web, and freedom of communication more generally. To promote trust, privacy and innovation, the proposal needs significant improvement.


In 2017, we will provide input on discussions around cross-border access to evidence and the protection of encryption. We will also provide input on discussions around the Council of Europe’s Budapest Convention on Cybercrime, also with a particular interest in the hot topic of “access to evidence”. Weakening of procedural rules for access to communications data by foreign governments would obviously have major implications for privacy and security.

Net neutrality

In 2016, the Body of European Regulators of Electronic Communications (BEREC) published its guidelines on the implementation of European net neutrality rules. Thanks to our hard and persistent work, the guidelines reflect our recommendations quite well.

In 2017 we will keep on campaigning for net neutrality by providing input to discussions around the BEREC regulation, and monitoring the Telecoms Package review. In December, we reported on the success of one of our Austrian members in ensuring the effective implementation of the new rules.


The current European copyright system is broken and must be changed. The European Commission has set in its agenda reforming copyright as one of the foundations to build the Digital Single Market. In 2016, the Commission issued a highly criticised draft legislation. The proposed Copyright Directive could not conceivably be worse, even including a proposal for upload filtering, despite the fact that the Court of Justice of the European Union has already rejected this approach.

In 2017, the European Parliament and Council will discuss the new proposal. We will closely follow the discussions and advocate for amendments to improve the parts of the text that can be improved and rejection of the parts that cannot.



10 Jan 2017

e-Privacy proposal – Commission leaves the European Parliament with lots of work to do


Today, on 10 January 2017, the European Commission published its proposal for an e-Privacy Regulation. This legislation is crucial to provide clear rules on tracking individuals as they surf the web, and on freedom of communication more generally.

The European Commission has resisted the most extreme demands from certain parts of industry.

said Joe McNamee, Executive Director of European Digital Rights.

However, to promote trust, privacy and innovation, the proposal still needs significant improvement.

The European legal framework protecting our personal data (the General Data Protection Regulation and Law Enforcement Directive on Data Protection) has been recently updated. New devices and technologies that make our life easier in many aspects, also create new threats to our privacy. The role of the e-Privacy Regulation is to clarify the existing legislation, by providing specific rules related to citizens’ freedoms in the online environment.

The outcomes of the European Commission’s consultation, conducted before the drafting of the new legislation, showed significant differences in priorities between individuals and industry. In the short term, big business would like to take shortcuts to a “big data” society. However, there is no real shortcut.

The last EuroBarometer on e-Privacy shows that what both individuals and business need the same thing: clear rules that inspire trust. Without clear rules and strong safeguards, it is easy for a minority of businesses to destroy trust for everybody and damage individuals’ rights.

Read more:

e-Privacy Directive revision: Document pool

e-Privacy Directive revision: An analysis from the civil society (06.07.2016)

Data Protection Reform – Next stop: e-Privacy Directive (24.02.2016)

Your privacy, security and freedom online are in danger (14.09.2016)


20 Dec 2016

EDRi’s Press Review 2016


During the past year, our work to defend citizens’ rights and freedoms online has gained an impressive visibility – we counted nearly four hundred mentions! – in European and international media. Below, you can find our press review 2016.



07/01 32C3 zum Nachschauen: Safe Harbor, Netzneutralität & EU-Fails (Netzpolitik)
08/01 Netzpolitischer Wochenrückblick KW 1: Jahreswechsel (Netzpolitik)
12/01 EFA signs open letter demanding governments enshrine encryption (ZD Net)
14/01 Tiden rinner ut för Safe Harbor – vad händer nu? (LegalTech)
18/01 Facebook’s Free Basics: Is there no internet access alternative? (CBR)
29/01 Security exemptions cloud EU-US data talks (EU Observer)
29/01Security exemptions cloud EU-US data talks (Europa Nu)


02/02 New European, U.S. data transfer pact agreed (Reuters)
02/02 European Parliament will vote on TISA, the evil global services sibling of TTIP(ArsTechnica)
02/02 U.S., EU reach agreement on Safe Harbor alternative(CIO)
02/02 New European, U.S. data transfer pact agreed (Reuters)
02/02 U.S., EU Reach Deal on New Data-Transfer Framework (Dow Jones Business News)
02/02 ‘This is a Joke’: Snowden, Others Slam New EU-US Data Sharing Deal (Common Dreams)
02/02 New European, U.S. data transfer pact agreed (Daily Mail)
02/02 ‘This is a Joke’: Snowden, Others Slam New EU-US Data Sharing Deal (Oximity)
02/02 U.S., EU reach agreement on Safe Harbor alternative (PC World)
02/02 ‘Privacy Shield’ Agreement Between EU And U.S. Looks Inadequate, Could Be Challenged At CJEU (Tom’s Hardware)
02/02 ‘Privacy Shield’ moet transatlantische gegevensstromen veiligstellen (IT-Executive)
02/02 New Safe Harbor Agreement may be massive criticism direct – “a joke” (Techsite)
02/02 Logo ist vor Einigung fertig! Safe Harbour 2.0 heißt jetzt Privacy Shield! (Netzpolitik)
02/02 U.S., EU Reach Deal on New Data-Transfer Framework (Wall Street Journal)
03/02 ‘This is a Joke’: Snowden, Others Slam New EU-US Data Sharing Deal (Raging Bull-shit)
03/02 Safe Harbor, cosa nasconde il nuovo Scudo? (Punto Informatico)
03/02 Ein Sieb als Schutzschild (Die Zeit)
03/02 “Privacy Shield” Datenschutzschild mit Löchern (Der Tagesspiegel)
03/02 Ist das EU-US Privacy Shield nur Bullshitbingo? (ComputerWoche)
03/02 Commission, Department of Commerce will do an annual joint preview to substantiate the commitments made (New Europe)
03/02 European Union Deal Lifts Amazon, Google, Facebook From Legal Limbo (Investor’s Business Daily)
03/02 Per Mausklick für mehr Datenschutz (Neues Deutschland)
03/02 European Commission defence of European rights sinks in an unsafe harbour(Vita International)
03/02 Privacy Shield Agreement Amongst EU And U.S. Seems to be Inadequate, Could Be Challenged At CJEU (Technology 2015)
03/02 New Safe Harbor Data “Deal” May Be More Politicking Than Surveillance Reform (The Intercept)
03/02 Goodbye Safe Harbour, hello Privacy Shield (Europrivacy.info)
03/02 EU and US reach data transfer agreement (Pan European Networks)
04/02 U.S. and E.U. agree on a Safe Harbor substitute (Articles.Informer)
08/02 Indiase telecomwaakhond verbiedt Facebooks gratis internet (RTLZ)
10/02 Entrevista a Diego Naranjo(Críptica)
11/02  EU internet freedom programme endangered by Commission muddle (EurActiv)
11/02  UE-USA.Krytycy nie zostawiaj? suchej nitki na “tarczy prywatno?ci” (Gazeta Wyborcza)
12/02 Dänemark plant Ausweitung von Vorratsdatenspeicherung (Netzpolitik)
15/02 Netzneutralität: Wie es jetzt weitergeht (Netzpolitik)
16/02 Una nueva doctrina jurídica al acecho: la protección absoluta del Secreto Comercial (El Confidencial)
18/02 Village Roadshow Starts Game of Whack-a-Mole (MySunshineCoast)
19/02 Here’s How the Ad-Blocking Debate Just Collided With Net Neutrality in Europe (Fortune)
22/02 Mozilla, EFF, and Creative Commons call for more openness in trade negotiations (Ars Technica)
22/02 TTIP Opponents Hold Three-Day Strategy Session On How To Defeat Deal (Inside US Trade’s Newsstand)
23/02 TTIP & Co.: Bürgerrechtsallianz fordert “offene” Handelsabkommen (Heise)
24/02 Rights must not be abandoned in trade negotiations (Department of Homeland Security News)
29/02 Commission wants EU-US ‘Privacy Shield’ by end of June (EurActiv)
29/02 Privacy Shield is the same unsafe harbour (EU business)
29/02 EU-Kommission wirbt für neue Datentransfer-Vereinbarung mit USA (Focus)


01/03 Privacy Shield: Who is it there to protect? (SiliconRepublic)
01/03 Ue pubblica i dettagli del Privacy shield, che non convince tutti (EUnews)
01/03 Dokumente zu Privacy Shield veröffentlicht: Safe Harbor in neuem Anstrich (Netzpolitik)
02/03 FBI Request to Unlock iPhone in Terrorism Probe ‘Undermines US Security’> (Sputnik News)
02/03 Kritik am “Safe Habor”-Nachfolger “Privacy Shield” (Der Tagesspiegel)
03/03 Pourquoi le privacy shield est un bouclier bien trop frele pour la vie-privee (Le Soir)
03/03 «Respect My Net» : la neutralité du Net sous surveillance citoyenne (Libération)
03/03 RespectMyNet established to catalogue European net neutrality violations (TelecomTV)
03/03 Xnet y varias organizaciones europeas lanzan “Respect My Net”: plataforma para denuncia de violaciones de la neutralidad de la red (Tercera Informacion)
03/03 Nace Respect My Net, una iniciativa destinada a proteger la neutralidad en la red (Diagonal)
03/03 Entra en funcionamiento la plataforma por la neutralidad de la red Respect My Net (InfoLibre)
04/03 NGOs starten Meldestelle für Verletzungen der Netzneutralität (DerStandard)
04/03 Lehrer warnen vor Spick-Smartwatches (Neue Buercher Zeitung)
04/03 Nace Respect My Net, una iniciativa destinada a proteger la neutralidad en la red (Iniciativa Debate)
04/03 Facebook, tra dati e responsabilità (AltraEconomia)
04/03 Respect My Net: Website zu Netzneutralitätsverstößen in der EU gestartet (ZDNet)
04/03 Respect my Net: Verstöße gegen Netzneutralität online melden (Heise)
Netzneutralität: Europaweite Meldestelle gestartet
(Tiroler Tageszeitung)
05/03 Webseite zu Veröffentlichung von Verletzungen der Netzneutralität in Europa online (Telecom-Presse)
07/03: Meldestelle für Verstöße gegen Netzneutralität gestartet (Netzpolitik)
10/03 European Union (EU): Counter-terrorism: The EU and its Member States must respect and protect human rights and the rule of law (OMCT)
16/03 Transatlantischer Datenfluss: Bürgerrechtler lehnen Privacy Shield ab (Heise)
‘Privacy Shield’ Data Transfer Deal Needs More Work, EU Told’
17/03 Zivilgesellschaftliche Koalition fordert Nachbesserungen am „Privacy Shield“ (Netzpolitik)
17/03 Privacyorganisaties vinden datadeal VS-EU veel te slap (RTLZ)
17/03 Párte thési stin diavoúlefsi tis EE gia tin efarmogí ton kanónon perí pnevmatikís idioktisías (Creative Commons Greece)
22/03 EU-Kommission bittet um Meinung zu geistigem Eigentum (Netzpolitik)
23/03 Flight data deal is a reason for UK to stay in the EU, says Tory MEP (Euractiv)
23/03 ‘Europe’s defenders must share data to fight terror’ (The Local)
29/03 ‘Privacy piñata not a serious analysis: Opposing view’ (USA Today)
31/03 https://netzpolitik.org/2016/neustart-bei-savetheinterneteu-eu-konsultation-zur-netzneutralitaet/ (Netzpolitik)


04/04 La lucha por el control da la informaciòn: el FBI contra las filtraciones (Diagonal)
08/04 Online-Inhalte: EU-Ratsspitze will Geoblocking europaweit festschreiben (Heise)
12/04 A Strasbourg, l’ombre du groupe Safran plane sur les fichiers de passagers aériens (Mediapart)
13/04 Polnische Geheimdienste: Kommunikationsüberwachung ohne Kontrolle (Netzpolitik)
13/04 Passenger Name Record: EU to harvest more data to stop crime (BBC)
14/04 EU gives companies two years to comply with sweeping new privacy laws (PCworld.com)
14/04 MEPs concerned that amendments could ‘kill’ PNR directive (Euractiv.com)
14/04 El PNR: Así es como las compañías aéreas tendrán derecho a saber todo sobre ti (Publico.es)
14/04 EU gives companies two years to comply with sweeping new privacy laws (CIO)
14/04 EU plan to collect, not share, air traveler data is ‘absurd’ (CIO)
15/04 Europe’s plan to collect airline passenger data raises privacy concerns (The Verge)
17/04 New passenger regulation spells end of data privacy (Times of Malta)
28/04 Facebook Censorships Nearly Tripled in Six Months Because of Photo from Paris Attacks (Newsweek)
28/04 Bund und Länder: Online-Plattformen sollen Algorithmen transparent machen (Heise.de)


01/05 Europese burgerrechtenorganisatie waarschuwt voor inhoud uitgelekt TTIP-verdrag (PChulp-noord)
02/05 Déclaration collective concernant la neutralité du Net en Europe (Intrusio.fr)
02/05 Commission lashes out at TTIP leaks as ‘storm in a teacup’ (Euractiv.com)
03/05 TTIP expected to fail after US demands revealed in unprecedented leake (Ars Technica)
03/05 Alleged Leaked TTIP Report Reveals Differences, Convergence On IP Issues (Intellectual Property Watch)
06/05 Commission’s digital single market turns one and has a big seven months ahead (Euractiv.com)
06/05 TTIP May Be Doomed by French Resistance (BestVPN blog)
06/05 TTIP leaks: telecoms proposals threaten net neutrality & citizens rights (IPtegrity.com)
06/05 A Tale of Shields & Swords or Are Data Transfers between the EU and the US legal once again? (Hirschfeld Kraemer LLP)
09/05 Crunch time for net neutrality rules, says EU digital rights warrior (Ars Technica)
17/05 Zivilgesellschaft wettert gegen EU-Initiative für Geschäftsgeheimnisse (Heise)
18/05 Net neutrality: Zero-rated services to be nixed by Dutch government (Ars Technica)
26/05 Privacy Shield must be Schremsproof, says one MEP—others wave it through (Ars Technica)
29/05 Privacy piñata not a serious analysis: Opposing view (USA Today)
31/05 Rights groups are outraged at the European Commission-brokered deal (Fortuna.com)
31/05 Facebook, Twitter, Microsoft and YouTube adopt EU hate speech rules (RT.com)
31/05 Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Microsoft Pledge to Remove Hate Speech Within 24 Hours (WCCFtech.com)
31/05 Facebook, Twitter, Google, and Microsoft agree to EU hate speech rules (The Verge)
31/05 Facebook And Others Agree To Enforce EU Hate Speech Laws (ValueWalk)
31/05 Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Twitter crack down on online hate speech in EU (PCWorld)
31/05 Microsoft, Facebook, Google, Twitter are moving towards a zero-tolerance attitude towards hate speech (SiliconANGLE)
31/05 Rights Groups Outraged As US Tech Giants Sign Up To EU Hate Speech Rules (Forbes)
31/05 Facebook, Twitter, Google, and Microsoft agree to EU hate speech rules (Discussionist)
31/05 Facebook Signs European Union Pledge To Suppress Loosely Defined ‘Hate Speech’ And Promote ‘Counter Narratives’ (Breitbart.com)
31/05 YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, Microsoft Agree To Censor EU “Hate Speech” (Web Pro News)
31/05 EU hate speech ruling could further undermine our online privacy (WhatMobile.net)
31/05 Title (DigitalJournal.com)
31/05 Google, Microsoft, Twitter and Facebook agree to remove hate speech online (EurActiv)
31/05 YouTube, Facebook and Twitter Commit to Shutting Down Hate Speech in EU Pact (Variety US)
31/05 In Europa codice di condotta contro l’odio online (Virgolette blog)
31/05 YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, Microsoft Agree To Censor EU “Hate Speech” (FullAct.com)
31/05 EU og IT-gigantene skal sensurere sosiale medier (Steigan, blogger)
31/05 Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Twitter crack down on online hate speech in EU (CIO)
31/05 Les géants du web luttent contre les propos haineux en Europe (Le Monde Informatique)
31/05 In Europa codice di condotta contro l’odio online (La Stampa)
31/05 Empresas de tecnologia aprovam novas regras para inibir discurso de ódio na UE (CanalTech)
31/05 Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Twitter crack down on online hate speech in EU (ComputerWorld.com)
31/05 Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Twitter crack down on online hate speech in EU (IT World)
31/05 Tech giants join the European Commission’s code of conduct (Pulse Headlines)
31/05 Europese gedragscode tegen haatzaaien op internet (Techzine)
31/05 Facebook en co bannen online haatyaairij binnen de 24 uur (Metro BE)
31/05 In Europa codice di condotta contro l’odio online (La Stampa)
31/05 Should We Let Internet Companies Define How We Express Ourselves? (MIT Technology Review)
31/05 Soziale Netzwerke wollen Hetze europaweit schnell nachgehen (Augsburger Allgemeine)


01/06 Google, Microsoft, Twitter And Facebook Agree To Remove Hate Speech Online (Eurasia Review)
01/06 DEATH OF FREE SPEECH: EU blasted for ‘Orwellian’ crackdown on online criticism (Express UK)
01/06 EU wil haatberichten binnen 24 uur van internet af (DeMorgen)
01/06 IT-Riesen und EU: Verhaltenskodex zur Bekämpfung von Online-Hetze (Internet World Business)
01/06 Sì delle compagnie al codice EU sull’hate speech (Web News Italy)
01/06 Accordo tra UE e colossi tech per contrastare l’odio sul web con un “codice di condotta” (FanPage)
01/06 Facebook, Google, Microsoft e Twitter unite contro le espressioni di odio online (Computer World)
01/06 Da Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Microsoft ok a Ue su regole anti-odio (Stadio24)
01/06 Discursul urii: Comisia Europeana si mai multi giganti globali de media si tehnologie anunta un cod de conduita impotriva incitarii la ura in online. Acuzatii de cenzura (HotNews.ro)
01/06 Facebook, Twitter, Microsoft and YouTube will remove hate speech (Title translated from Bulgarian (Dnevnik.bg)
01/06 It-jättarna säger ja till EU:s kod mot näthat – men upplägget får skarp kritik (idg.se)
01/06 Gemeinsam gegen den Hass im Internet (Die Welt)
01/06 Soziale Netzwerke wollen Internet-Hetze europaweit schnell nachgehen (Horizont.net)
01/06 Google, Twitter, Facebook hate speech deal with EU is rash, say digi warriors (ArsTechnica)
01/06 Privacy advocates reject Europe’s ‘code of conduct’ for online speech (Christian Science Monitor)
01/06 Microsoft, Google, Twitter, Facebook Agree To EU Hate Speech Rules (InformationWeek)
01/06 Twitter, Facebook and YouTube sign EU code of conduct to help combat online hate speech (International Business Times)
01/06 Top Internet Companies Agree To Vague Notice & Takedown Rules For ‘Hate Speech’ In The EU (TechDirt)
01/06 EU’s Online Hate Speech Deal Prompts Fears Of Censorship (BuzzFeed News)
01/06 Hatespeech-Verabredung zwischen EU-Kommission und Internetfirmen: NGOs kritisieren Willkür (Netzpolitik)
01/06 Haine sur Internet – Quid de la bonne conduite de Facebook, Twitter, YouTube et Microsoft ? (ZDNet)
01/06 EU aftaler ‘code of conduct‘ på nettet med Facebook, Google og Twitter (Information.dk)
01/06 Internetoví giganti v ?ele s Facebookem cht?jí s EU bojovat proti nenávisti online (EurActiv CZ)
01/06 El Brief: Políptico de las crisis europeas (Actuall)
01/06 Facebook, Twitter, YouTube e Microsoft: nuova alleanza per la pace (ictBusiness.it)
01/06 UE, Facebook, Microsoft, Google: uniti contro razzismo online (Molisedoc.com)
01/06 EU’s Online Hate Speech Deal Prompts Fears Of Censorship Viral (Webeviews.eu)
01/06 EU’s Online Hate Speech Deal Prompts Fears Of Censorship (Omaha Sun Times)
01/06 EU’s Online Hate Speech Deal Prompts Fears Of Censorship (Update News)
01/06 Privacy advocates reject Europe’s ‘code of conduct’ for online speech (Yahoo News Tech)
02/06 Soziale Netzwerke: Internet-Hetze europaweit nachgehen (Sueddeutsche Zeitung)
02/06 Was Facebook über seine Nutzer wirklich weiß (FutureZone.at)
02/06 Standing up for hate (BBC)
02/06 Rights Advocates Blast EU and Tech Firms’ Hate Speech Code (E-Commerce Times)
02/06 Ustal? które wpisy s? „nienawistne”. Giganci komputerowi dogadali si? z eurokratami (PCh24.pl)
02/06 Twitter y Facebook borrarán contenidos violentos y abusivos pero no los definen (MIT Technology Review ES)
02/06 Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Microsoft Join Forces With EU to Crack down Online Hate Speech (News Everyday)
03/06 European Commission’s Hate Speech Deal With Companies Will Chill Speech (EFF)
03/06 European Union Declares War on Internet Free Speech (Gatestone Institute)
03/06 Security News You Might Have Missed: Dystopian Edition (Forbes)
04/06 Weiche Regeln gegen harte Worte (Deutschlandfunk)
05/06 Facebook, YouTube, Twitter… zajedno protiv govora mržnje (Vijesti)
05/06 Soziale Netzwerke wollen verstärkt gegen Hetze vorgehen (N24.de)
05/06 Soziale Netzwerke wollen verstärkt gegen Hetze vorgehen (N24.de)
06/06 L’Ue dà il via a una consultazione pubblica sulla neutralità di internet (EU News)
06/06 EU net neutrality draft guidelines split the crowd—public told to wade in (ArsTechnica)
06/06 Netzneutralität: Europäische Regulierer lassen Leitlinien diskutieren (Heise)
06/06 EU telecom regulators see free Internet services as next battle (Reuters)
06/06 Regulador europeu propõe veto ao zero-rating (TeleSintese)
06/06 Neutralité du net : les opérateurs jugent les recommandations du Berec trop restrictives (Contexte)
07/06 Das sind die neuen Regeln zur Netzneutralität in Europa (FutureZone.at)
08/06 BEREC gives its view on net neutrality rules (Agence Europe)
09/06 Do not take a glimpse (Calcalist, The Economist Israel)
09/06 Mowa nienawi?ci, czyli ?egnajcie, Rzymianie (Wyborcza)
11/06 “Orwell 2.0”. Jan Wójcik krytykuje nowy projekt UE, Facebooka, YouTube’a i Twittera (WP Wiadomosci)
13/06 Mobilisation for digital rights (OpenDemocracy.net)
13/06 Offener Brief an EU-Kommissarin Malmström: Datenschutz nicht durch Freihandelsabkommen untergraben (Netzpolitik)
13/06 EU public interest groups reject treasury financial data fix (POLITICO Pro)
13/06 EU Consumer, Digital Rights Groups Call For EU To Reject U.S. Data Fix In TISA, TTIP (World Trade Online)
13/06 Yes stitching the mouth of Europe (Title translated from English) (WebCafe.bg)
14/06 Facebook, Twitter, YouTube e Microsoft insieme contro odio sul web (RosaRossa)
14/06 Ag’s big chance to boost TPP (POLITICO US)
15/06 Kaja Kallas: kõik Eesti poliitikud peaksid suutma digitaalsetel teemadel kaasa rääkida (Eesti Päevaleht)
15/06 Kaja Kallas: kõik Eesti poliitikud peaksid suutma digitaalsetel teemadel kaasa rääkida (delfi.ee)
17/06 Web content blocking squeezed into draft EU anti-terrorism law (ArsTechnica)
20/06 Paris Terrorist’s Video Underscores Live-Streaming Challenges For Social Media (Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty)
20/06 Brexit and technology: How network effects will damage UK IT industry (Computer Weekly)
21/06 Netzsperren als Maßnahme gegen terroristische Inhalte (ComputerBase)
21/06 TTIP: más condiciones de entorno para el Mercado Único Digital (Huffington Post ES)
24/06 Democracy – a call to arms (Open Democracy)
25/06 EU-Parlament plant Anti-Terror-Netzsperren (Deutschlandfunk)
25/06 Elusive privacy shield deal makes a choppy landing (POLITICO)
27/06 EU-Parlament: Vorabstimmung über Netzsperren ist am Mittwoch (Netzpolitik)
29/06 A complete guide to all the things Facebook censors hate most (QUARTZ)
29/06 EU researchers and policymakers debate European human rights challenges (Cordis News)


04/07 EU-Terrorismusrichtline mit Netzsperren auf Schiene (Futurezone.at)
04/07 Sagt Hallo zu Netzsperren: Innenausschuss des EU-Parlaments beschließt EU-Terrorismusrichtlinie (Netzpolitik)
05/07 EU-Parlament stellt Weichen für Websperren gegen Terror (heise)
05/07 Netzsperren – Waffe gegen Terror oder Zensur? (Sueddeutsche Zeitung)
05/07 Anti-Terror-Richtlinie: Zensur oder wirksame Maßnahme gegen Terrorismus? (Euractiv.de)
05/07 EU parliament pushes ahead with plans to block, remove terrorist content online (Ars Technica UK)
06/07 EU Commission under investigation for EU Internet Forum documents (VOX Pol)
07/07 Tech plans to fight net neutrality rules in 5G pledge (POLITICO)
11/07 This Facebook Nemesis Says Businesses Will Shun U.S.-EU Privacy Deal (Fortune)
12/07 Données personnelles : le Privacy Shield USA / UE adopté mais critiqué (Numerama)
12/07 Privacy Shield transatlantic data sharing agreement enters effect (CIO)
12/07 EU and US indulge in Privacy Shield self-congratulations in Brussels, but privacy activists say ‘See you in court’ (Diginomica)
12/07 1ST LEADPraise, criticism as EU clears way for new US data-sharing deal (EuropeOnline)
12/07 EU Clears Way For New Controversial Data-Sharing Deal With US (London South East)
12/07 EU-US Privacy Shield agreement goes into effect (The Verge)
12/07 Começa a valer acordo de transferência de dados pessoais entre Europa e EUA (Telesintese)
13/07 Past trade ghosts haunt Trump’s veep picks (POLITICO US)
13/07 European Digital Rights Advocates Warn about Trade Agreements (Law.com)
13/07 Survey: European Union Needs Trade Deal Privacy Regime (B&C)
13/07 EU stelt privacy burgers onvoldoende veilig (Knack.be)
13/07 L’UE ne protège pas assez la vie privée de ses citoyens (Knack.be)
13/07 EU-Kommission bestätigt “Safe Harbor”-Nachfolger (Verivox)
13/07 EU stelt privacy burgers onvoldoende veilig (Kassa NL)
13/07 L’UE ne protège pas assez la vie privée de ses citoyens (DataNews)
13/07 Survey: European Union Needs Trade Deal Privacy Regime (B&C)
14/07 Trade Agreements Undermine Data Protection, New Study Shows (MichiganStandard.com)
13/07 EU – US: Privacy Shield in Force – But For How Long? (Lexology)
13/07 Is the E.U. letting Russia and China abuse Europeans’ privacy? (The Daily Dot)
16/07 Transatlantischer Zoff: Digitaler Datenschutz oder digitaler Protektionismus? (Heise)
19/07 Telcos should only retain metadata to fight serious crime, EU judge says (CIO)
28/07 New EU-U.S. data transfer agreement debuts to high hopes, pot shots (TechTarget)


01/08 Privacy Shield ‘Shaky’, Companies May Choose More Reliable Means (Sputnik News)
02/08 POLITICO Pro Morning Tech: Android escalation — Privacy shield (POLITICO)
10/08 Digitale grupper smækker døren i protest mod EU-aftale (Information.dk)
19/08 Les messageries instantanées à l’assaut des opérateurs télécoms (Le Soir)
22/08 Anstehende Grundsatzentscheidung der EU: Schutz der Menschen oder Schutz der Geschäftsmodelle? (Netzpolitik)
25/08 Why France and Germany’s Encryption Stance May Be More Bark Than Bite (Fortune)
30/08 Europe’s net neutrality guidelines seen as a victory for the open web (The Verge)
30/08 EU’s net neutrality guidelines get published (BBC)
30/08 EU-Regulierer sichern die Netzneutralität stärker ab (Heise)
30/08 Here’s Why Europe’s Net Neutrality Advocates Are Celebrating (Fortune)
30/08 EU telecom regulators adopt strict net neutrality rules, industry dismayed (Reuters)
30/08 Victoire inespérée pour la neutralité du Net en Europe, Internet est sauvé! (20 minutes)
30/08 Neue Regeln zur Netzneutralität in EU beschlossen – Zivilgesellschaft und Netzaktivisten zufrieden (Telekom Presse)
30/08 Netzneutralität in Europa: “So gut abgesichert wie nie” (Futurezone.at)
30/08 Europa reforça neutralidade e restringe zero rating, mas vai avaliar caso a caso (Convergencia Digital)
30/08 Autoridades da UE adotam regras de neutralidade de rede à contragosto de operadoras (Extra Globo)
30/08 Wer regiert das Internet? (FES)
31/08 Un « triomphe » pour la neutralité du Net en Europe (Numerama)
31/08 Net neutrality activists claim victory in Europe (The Register)
31/08 No more internet fast lanes: Europe’s strict new net neutrality rules revealed (Silicon Republic)
31/08 EU setzt Netzneutralität streng durch: Sonderdeals für Online-Dienste am Ende (T3n)
31/08 Neue Regeln zur Netzneutralität in EU beschlossen – Zivilgesellschaft und Netzaktivisten zufrieden (Telekom Presse)
31/08 EU net neutrality guidelines praised as a “digital triumph” (Diginomica)
31/08 Activists Cheer Europe’s Updated Net Neutrality Rules (PCMag)
31/08 Open Internet Advocates Claim Victory in Europe Net Neutrality Fight (Motherboard)
31/08 EU’s net neutrality guidelines close ‘fast lane’ loopholes – but do they go too far? (Wired)
31/08 EU ‘net neutrality’ may stop ISPs from blocking child abuse material (The Register)
31/08 BEREC issues net neutrality guidelines (DigitalTV.net)
31/08 EU publiceert richtlijnen netneutraliteit (Knack.be)
31/08 L’UE publie ses directives à propos de la neutralité du net (Le Vif)
31/08 EU telecom regulators adopt strict net neutrality rules (ET Telecom)
31/08 Neutralité du Net : l’Europe présente ses lignes directrices (BeGeek.fr)
31/08 Neutralité du Net dans l’UE : le BEREC publie ses lignes directrices (Les Numeriques)
31/08 Netzneutralität: EU gegen Sonderdeals zwischen Telcos und Content-Anbietern (Inside-it.ch)
31/08 Spotify & Co.: EU beschränkt Surf-Sonderdeals für Streaming (W&V Online)
31/08 EU-Aufseher begrenzen Sonderdeals für Online-Dienste (Thuringen Allgemeine)
31/08 Net neutrality wins in Europe – a victory for the internet as we know it (ZME Science)


01/09 EU begrenzt Sonderdeals für Online-Dienste (NWZ Online)
01/09 Neuer Leak: EU-Kommission plant 20-jähriges Leistungsschutzrecht (Heise)
01/09 Activist Pressure Nets Better Net Neutrality Rules in Europe (DSL Reports)
01/09 Europa gana, Internet sigue siendo libre (El País)
02/09 Europa sichert die Netzneutralität: Das bedeuten die Regeln im Alltag (Netzpolitik)
08/09 Automated systems fight ISIS propaganda, but at what cost? (The Verge)
08/09 Canada-EU counter-terror data exchange is illegal, says top EU judge (CIO)
09/09 Presentation of Dr. Monica Horten’s paper on uncertainty for internet intermediaries in EU (CDT)
12/09 Canada-EU counter-terror data exchange is illegal, says top EU judge (CIO)
12/09 (NL)
EDRi: Het gevecht tegen ‘hate speech’ ondermijnt de grondrechten van burgers / (EN) EDRi: The fight against hate speech undermines the fundamental rights of citizens
12/09 EU’s guidelines on net neutrality see the light although grey areas do remain (The European Sting)
13/09 EU-Canada Airline Data Pact Violates Privacy:Adviser (Bloomberg BNA)
13/09 Wikimedia, EDRI, and others call for EU Copyright Package to uphold DSM fundamental principles (IPKat)
14/09 EU Commission Proposes Mandatory Piracy Filters For Online Services (TorrentFreak)
14/09 Google may have to pay for news snippets under EU copyright reform (CIO)
15/09 Europe demands YouTube to pay more to artists (Ksat News)
15/09 EU Telecoms Proposals Stir Fierce Debate (TechWeek Europe UK)
16/09 EU is now giving Google new monopolies to the detriment of European citizens and Internet companies (The European Sting)
20/09 TiSA-Abkommen: Mehr Einfluss für Industrielobbyisten und weniger Datenschutz (Netzpolitik)
20/09 I nuovi Greenpeace Leaks sul Tisa “L’accordo sui servizi svende il pianeta” (La Repubblica)
20/09 Money Talks: EU’s copyright overhaul, interview with Diego Naranjo (TRT World)
20/09 VIDEO: experts on how to make copyright work again (Communia)
21/09 Leaked TiSA documents reveal threats to climate: Greenpeace (NewEurope)
21/09 Les fuites sur l’accord Tisa inquiètent les défenseurs des droits numériques (Contexte Numèrique)
21/09 Pro Morning Tech: Diplomats’ digital delay — Airbnb stool pigeon (POLITICO)
23/09 Komissio haluaa puuttua tekijänoikeuslakiin, koska Youtuben kaltaiset sivustot tienaavat sisällöllä mutta tekijät eivät (Helsingin Sanomat)
26/09 Gruppen European Digital Rights EDRi kritiserar EUkommissionens förslag till upp (Placely)
27/09 The EU’s Proposed Copyright Directive Is Likely To Be A Wonderful Gift — For US Internet Giants (Techdirt)
30/09 Signs Of Changing Trends In FTAs’ IP Chapters, Speakers Say At WTO (Intellectual Property Watch)
30/09 Time To Talk Digital Issues At WTO With Focus On Developing Countries, Forum Hears (Intellectual Property Watch)
30/09 PO TTIP IN CETI – TISA (Zavod Radio Študent)


02/10 CETA: 10 rzeczy, których nie wiecie o umowie UE-Kanada, a powinni?cie (Gazeta Prawna)
04/10 The curious tale of the French prime minister, PNR and peculiar patterns (EurActiv)
05/10 The internet has been quietly rewired, and video is the reason why (Quartz)
06/10 Facebook is the privacy villain of the year (EUbusiness)
06/10 Facebook valt in de prijzen op Big Brother Awards (iHLN Internet and Games)
06/10 Facebook grand gagnant des Big Brother Awards (DH.be)
06/10 Violation de la Vie privée: Facebook grand leader des Big Brother Awards (RTBF.de)
06/10 Facebook valt in de prijzen op Big Brother Awards (DeMorgen)
06/10 Našiel sa najvä?ší sliedi? v súkromí ?udí. Anticenu za rok 2016 si odniesol Facebook (HNonline.sk)
06/10 Facebook is the privacy villain of the year (EUbusiness)
07/10 Nejv?tší slídil v soukromí? Facebook! míní ?ást Evropy (Tyden.cz)
07/10 Pro Morning Tech, presented by Uber: Portugal’s startup star — Platforms in parliament (POLITICO)
07/10 Facebook Crowned Privacy Villain Of 2016 By European Privacy Rights Group (Intellectual Property Watch)
07/10 Facebook wins ‘privacy villain of the year’ award (The Daily Dot)
07/10 La UE prepara su propia ‘tasa Google’, ¿qué puede suponer para ti? (Publico)
07/10 Facebook named privacy villain of the year (TweakTown)
08/10 Introducing: Maryant Fernández Pérez (Patreon)
10/10 Facebook wint Belgische Big Brother Awards (Executive-People)
10/10 Facebook- An ultimate privacy villain of the year! (Brands)
11/10 Facebook is the Privacy Villain of the Year (Propakistani)
11/10 European Commission paralysed over data flows in TiSA trade deal (EurActiv)
12/10 Noticias Uruguayas 11 octubre 2016 (KaosEnLaRed)
13/10 TiSA discussions hit privacy, data protection roadblock (iAPP)
14/10 EU Hopes To Table Language On Data Flows By Next TISA Round (World Trade Online)
15/10 Les «trilogues», l’une des boîtes noires les plus secrètes de Bruxelles (Mediapart)
19/10 Digital Defenders: a free open-licensed booklet for kids about privacy and crypto (BoingBoing)
19/10 Digital Defenders vs. Data Intruders (Netzpolitik)
21/10 Amazon as an ISP Isn’t Bonkers—It Makes Perfect Sense (Wired)
21/10 EDRi’s Digital Defenders wants to help kids protect their digital privacy (Techaeris)
21/10 Four Nations Call for Access to Encrypted Data (VOA)
24/10 Watchdogs Urge EU Leaders to Protect Citizens’ Data in Trade Agreements (Sputnik International)
24/10 TiSA truer databeskyttelse og retten til privatliv (Information.dk)
24/10 Datenschutz: Und was ist mit TiSA? (EurActiv.be)
24/10 EU Commission aims to ban forced data localization (iAPP)
25/10 Consumer groups demand carveout for data protections in TISA (World Trade Online)
26/10 EDRi’s Booklet for the protection of minors’ privacy (Title translated from Greek) (Eellak)
28/10 Storebror ser deg: Personvern til salgs i TISA (Allevents.in)
28/10 #12np-Review: „Don’t waste a good crisis!“ – Die EU-Richtlinie zur „Terrorismusbekämpfung“ (DokuHouse)
31/10 Tutele e intervento. Merkel lancia il modello renano di liberalismo online (Il Foglio)


07/11 Grande fratello alla francese, traccerà colore degli occhi e impronte (La Repubblica)
07/11 Who is spying on you? What Yahoo hack taught us about Facebook, Google and WhatsApp (Mirror)
08/11 French privacy row over mass ID database (BBC)
15/11 The Directive from EU – privatising cencorship and filtering the freedom of expression (Title translated from Greek) (Technicious)
15/11 The Directive from EU – privatising cencorship and filtering the freedom of expression (Title translated from Greek) (Creative Commons Greece)
23/11 What hacking from Yahoo, Facebook, Google and WhatsApp (Title translated from Bulgarian) (Digital.bg)
28/11 Facebook may be able to censor anything it wants as per a secret trade proposal (International Business Times)
28/11 Facebook Akan Bisa Sensor Konten Apa pun Sesuai Keinginan (Okezone Techno)
27/11 Secret Trade Proposal Would Give Facebook Free Reign to Censor by Algorithm (Motherboard)
30/11 Menschenrechtsorganisationen warnen vor Terrorismusrichtlinie der EU (Netzpolitik)


01/12 EU terror law risks making protest a crime (EUobserver)
01/12 Rights groups expose flaws in EU counterterrorism directive (EurActiv)
01/12 French man sentenced to two years in prison for visiting pro-ISIS websites (TheVerge)
04/12 Brussels urges US social media sites to act swiftly on hate posts (Financial Times)
06/12 How EU Plans To Deal With Online Hate Speech? (iTech Post)
06/12 Social media groups join forces to counter online terror content (Financial Times)
06/12 Europa pressiona redes sociais a agirem rápido contra discurso de ódio (Folha de S.Paulo)
08/12 Facebook and Twitter Need to Shut Down Hate Speech Within 24 Hours, Europe Warns (Motherboard)
08/12 20-year link right detrimental to authors, says CEIPI (IPProTheInternet)
10/12 Sorry, Silicon Valley. Europe won’t be any easier in 2017 (tkusnews)

…and we might have missed some! Have you spotted us elsewhere? Please let us know by sending us a message to press[at]edri.org, and we’ll add the link to the list.


16 Dec 2016

Your privacy, security and freedom online: How to claim them back


This is the last blogpost of our series dedicated to privacy, security and freedoms. In this series, we have explained how your freedoms are under threat, and what you can do to fight back.


Privacy: What is it?

The right to privacy is a crucial element of our personal security. It’s essential for free speech and democratic participation. It’s a fundamental right in the primary law of the European Union and is recognised in numerous international legal instruments.

Privacy helps us establish boundaries to limit who has access to our bodies, places and things, as well as our communications and our information.

– EDRi member Privacy International

By setting these boundaries, you will be able to exercise other freedoms, such as you right to free expression, right to freedom of association, or right to access to information without constraints.

Privacy is not an abstract concept. It is a cornerstone on which many of our fundamental freedoms are built. We should have the right to privacy, in order to be able to speak freely, to organise, to campaign and live without fear of discrimination.

How to claim back your freedom online

In our previous blogposts we have introduced different tools and tips for better privacy when using the internet. Although it is difficult to ensure a complete anonymity online, these tips can help you minimise being exposed. As with many other things, the need for security is a very personal one, depending on your work, your location and your relationships with people who might be in danger.

Increasingly, using privacy tools is an act of good citizenship. If only journalists or activists are using privacy enhancing technologies, it will be easier to identify and target them. If we are all using such technologies, we are helping defend those who are fighting to defend us.

Our tips are a good first step to protecting your privacy. These programs, apps and add-ons will protect you, to a certain extent, from mass surveillance. However, if you believe you need extra security, for example, if you are a human rights activist in a country where such occupation might put you in danger, you should contact the Access Now “Digital Security Helpline”. They are helping people at every hour of every day, in six languages.

In this video, prepared by our member Association for Technology and Internet (ApTI) – Romania, John learns how to protect his personal data:

You can watch all our privacy videos here.

What can politicians do to safeguard your freedoms online?

The rules on online privacy in the EU will be soon updated. A proposal for a new ePrivacy Directive will be published in January 2017. This law deals with privacy and confidentiality of communications for the entire EU, and it affects issues related to your freedoms online. The way in which the freedoms we described will be protected in the following years or decades will depend on, to a high extent, how this new proposal develops. Are politicians ready to fight for your protection?

Do you want to help us to defend your rights? Stay informed and act with us to become part of the change that will ensure our privacy is respected in the online world.

Read all the blogposts of this series here, to know more about your freedoms online, and how they are threatened!


14 Dec 2016

Google’s forgetful approach to the “right to be forgotten”

By Joe McNamee

Google is unquestionably a pioneer with regard to transparency reporting in the online environment. It was among the first to demand more transparency regarding government restrictions on freedom of communication and access to user data. The company has continued to learn and refine its processes. It has produced a consistent methodology for the various types of restriction, making their reports easier to read, thereby further increasing transparency.

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None of this, however, applies to actions taken as a result of the famous and incorrectly named “right to be forgotten” ruling. In this case, the Costeja ruling of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), Google must de-link individual’s names to search results about them that are “inaccurate, inadequate, irrelevant or excessive”. Under the ruling, nothing is deleted and nothing is removed from Google’s index.

On the front page of Google’s transparency reporting, there are section on government-based deletions called “government requests to remove content” and a section on copyright removals called “requests by copyright owners to remove search results”. The section reporting on the EU data protection ruling is called “European privacy requests for search removals”. While the first two (government and copyright) lead to search results being removed from Google’s index, nothing is removed from Google’s index under the EU data protection ruling.

If one then clicks on either “government requests to remove content” or “requests by copyright owners to remove search results,” the next page shows a graph that shows the evolution of removal requests over time. This is very useful to see both the volume of removals and the overall trends.

However, if one clicks on “European privacy requests for search removals” there is no graph. All that is presented is the total amount of requests. The words “remove” and “removal” appear 26 times on the page, despite the fact that nothing is actually removed from Google’s index. Even the first line of the “transparency” page is not accurate, stating that “in a May 2014 ruling, Google Spain vs. AEPD and Mario Costeja González, the Court of Justice of the European Union found that individuals have the right to ask search engines like Google to remove certain results about them.”

The question is why would Google, having produced a very good, clear methodology for displaying statistics for actual content removals, choose to misrepresent de-linking of names with search results as “removals” and not the methodology that it has, laudably, pioneered? One cannot help being left with the impression that the figures do not tell the story that Google is trying to tell. From 1 June 2014, when it launched the tool to allow people to exercise their rights under the CJEU, Google has received 658 613 requests (which is approximately 725 per day). In the period 11 October 2016 to 10 November 2016, it apparently (based on our observations of the numbers published on the page) received 13 436 requests (or approximately 447 per day), which is significantly lower than the overall average. This risks creating the impression that a reduction in numbers, at a time when Google is using the ruling to bash European data protection rules at every opportunity does not exactly fit with the public relations spin.

Google is struggling with working out its own views on this topic, which might explain some incoherence. Google believes that it should not be required to adjust its search algorithms to protect privacy. However, it also has voluntarily chosen to adjust its search algorithms to protect privacy in relation to abusive “mug shot websites” (by pushing them down the results list). Google believes that it should not have to de-link names with “inaccurate, inadequate, irrelevant or excessive” on a global level. However, Google believes that it should de-index revenge porn globally in order to protect victims. Google thinks that national laws should not have extra-territorial effect. However, Google voluntarily gives extra-territorial effect to US copyright law.

Google has been a pioneer in transparency reporting. It should not forget this.


Google Transparency Report

CJEU judgement: Google Spain vs. Costeja

(Contribution by Joe McNamee, EDRi)



14 Dec 2016

Digital Defenders help kids defend their privacy around Europe

By Heini Järvinen

In October 2016, we published a booklet entitled “Your guide to Digital Defenders – Privacy for kids!“, to help young people between 10-14 years to protect their privacy.

Since it’s publication, the original English version of the booklet has been downloaded over 21 000 times. Thanks to a generous donation, it has also been printed. The booklet is already available in GermanSerbian and Greek. Translations into a number of other languages are ongoing.

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The booklet helps kids make safer and more informed choices about what to share and how to share online. It includes chapters on what privacy actually is, how to use safer messaging systems and how to improve the security of smartphones. In the parallel universe depicted in the booklet, a team of superheroes (the Digital Defenders) fights a group of villains (the Intruders). The heroes and villains were created by German comic artist and illustrator Gregor Sedlag.

The booklet is the outcome of an international project with contributions by EDRi’s network: Bits of Freedom, Open Rights Group, Chaos Computer Club, Digitale Gesellschaft, ApTI Romania, Mediamocracy and many more.

If you would like to participate in distributing the booklet in schools in your country or to contribute to the translations, please contact us at brussels[at]edri.org! To help get the translated booklets printed and distributed locally, you can also make a donation on https://edri.org/donate.


EDRi’s privacy for kids booklet: Your guide to the Digital Defenders (17.10.2016)

Digital Defenders vs. Data Intruders

Digital Defenders vs. Data Intruders in:



13 Dec 2016

e-Privacy Directive revision: Document pool

By Diego Naranjo

New devices are being developed and increasingly these technologies have the ability to connect to the internet and communicate between them. These devices, while making our life easier in many aspects, they also create new threats to your privacy. We are explaining in our series of blogposts on privacy the freedoms that are under threat.

European legislation protecting your personal data (the General Data Protection Regulation and Law Enforcement Directive on Data Protection) has been recently updated, but the battle to keep your information safe is not over yet. The European Union is revising its legislation on data protection, privacy and confidentiality of communications in the electronic communications environment: the e-Privacy Directive. This piece of  legislation contains specific rules related to your freedoms in the online environment.


This new battle for our freedoms starts once the European Commission will publish its proposal on the e-Privacy Directive on 11 Januar 2017. In this document pool we will be listing all the relevant documents as they are made public. This will allow you to follow the developments on the review of the Directive:

EDRi’s analysis

Legislative documents:

Consultations, reports, studies, events:


Read more about privacy and e-Privacy Directive:

e-Privacy Directive: Frequently Asked Questions

Your privacy, security and freedom online are in danger (September-December 2016)