When the European Commission proposed yet another revision of the TV Without Frontiers Directive in 2016, the Directive was really showing its age.
The Directive was originally launched in 1989, revised just eight years later in 1997, again ten years later in 2007, and finally only three years after that in 2010. It has become something of a “Christmas tree” with the various EU institutions adding their own decorations… First it was satellite TV, now it covers satellite TV, TV in general, video on demand, video-sharing platforms and, possibly, to an ill-defined extent, social media providers. It covers the regulation, co-regulation and self-regulation of ill-defined “hate speech”, already regulated terrorist content, material which could harm totally undefined “moral” development of children, and other forms of illegal and legal content.
The scope of the Directive has been distorted so severely that key provisions have lost their meaning, in the course of its multiple reforms. For example, “self-regulation” has always meant broadcasters regulating their own editorial decisions, in line with national law. In the new Directive, this meaning is maintained. However, in some of the articles of the Directive it also means, with no effort to define or clarify this, something completely different – internet companies regulating the freedom of expression of their users. In some parts of the text, it means one thing, in other parts, it means something else.
Thankfully, we have the “ordinary legislative procedure” of the EU institutions, which is well adapted to improving weak legislative proposals. The bad news is that this procedure has been ditched by the EU institutions, in favour of a bastardised process called “trilogues”.
In that process, a European Parliament Committee can award itself the right to negotiate on the basis of a text that it has agreed. After the Committee vote, the “democratic process” drops behind closed doors until an agreement is reached with the Council of the European Union. In that process the Parliament, the only EU institution with a direct democratic mandate of any description, puts itself in a terrible negotiating position:
- the Parliament’s negotiating team consists of a small number of Members of the European Parliament (MEPs), supported by a few assistants and non-political staff, who have to negotiate with the representatives of up to 28 national ministries and the European Commission;
- the Parliament works to the Council timetable. If the end of a six-month rotating Council presidency is approaching, the Parliament virtually always accepts to be put under severe time pressure to accept a deal, even all-night negotiation sessions, for the sake of pleasing the Presidency.
So… The trilogues are about to start. What sort of mandate do the Council and Parliament have to begin negotiations?
- 17 members of the Parliament’s Committee on Culture and Education (CULT) voted in favour of the Parliament’s position. This is only 51% of the MEPs in the Committee – barely a majority.
- 306 MEPs out of 751 (41%) voted in favour of the trilogue negotiations being started.
- Only 17 MEPs out of 751 (2%) gave their direct support for the Parliament’s negotiating position.
Meanwhile, in the Council, the “General Approach”, which will be the basis for negotiation, was severely criticised by numerous Member States. Remarkably, that text was not put to a vote at all, but Member States were allowed to express strong opposition. As a result:
- 0 Member States voted in favour of the General Approach.
- 8 Member States (representing 23% of the EU population) expressed strong opposition.
This clearly shows the lack of support for the current text, which will now be negotiated on behind closed doors, before the outcome is “rubber-stamped” sometime towards the end of 2017.
AVMSD: European Parliament set to vote whether it’s allowed to vote (17.05.2017)
Audiovisual Media Services Directive reform: Document pool (15.05.2017)
AVMS Directive: It isn’t censorship if the content is mostly legal, right? (27.04.2017)
AVMS Directive – censorship by coercive comedy confusion (19.04.2017)
Audiovisual Media Services Directive – is it good enough to be a law? (08.03.2017)
Trilogues: the system that undermines EU democracy and transparency (20.04.2016)
(Contribution by Joe McNamee, EDRi)